You are totally right. The "free" upgrades are YMMV of course. People return all kinds of computers to apple, some are stock models, some are upgraded. Apple just puts them all into a big pile, AFAIK. So it's really luck of the draw. My refurb iMac CoreDuo had no upgrades, but my MacBook had extra RAM. Sometimes you get lucky.Free upgrades with refurbs appear as if Apple just lists the factory specifications, but the actual refurbs (read: some) had upgrades done to them when in the past which wasn't noted. I'd be some-what surprised if Apple is upgrading them free of charge as a bonus to the customer before being shipped out.